“Pyrethroid resistance in Culex tarsalis

Sumiko De La Vega, M.S., Trainee

Sumiko De La Vega is the assistant entomologist for San Joaquin County Mosquito and Vector Control District and is a graduate student in the Department of Biological Sciences at University of the Pacific. Her current research is focused on insecticide resistance in Culex tarsalis, a vector of West Nile virus (WNV)but she also enjoys research related to many components of Integrated Vector Management (IVM) including methods of control for the invasive Aedes spp.

"The PacVec training grant allowed me to collaborate on a project between several mosquito control districts in Northern California to study pyrethroid resistance in Culex tarsalis and enzymatic and kdr target-site resistance mechanisms. Through this project, I developed new skills in molecular techniques and project management that I can apply to future work in vector control. The results of this research can also help guide vector control districts in their decisions involving insecticide use and resistance management."

Bonnie Ryan, Trainee

Tara Thiemann, Ph.D., M.S., PI, University of the Pacific

The Thiemann Lab focuses on the biology of arthropod vectors that transmit pathogens to humans and other animals. Current projects include characterizing the mechanisms for insecticide resistance in Culex tarsalis, an important vector of West Nile virus. Additional projects are focused on determining which species of mosquito are important in the transmission of dog heartworm in Northern California and on evaluating the blood feeding patterns of various vector species throughout the state.

“Assessment of risk and transmission cycle of the emerging tick-borne pathogen, Borrelia miyamotoi

Samantha Sambado, M.S., Trainee

Samantha Sambado is currently pursuing an ecology, evolution, and marine biology Ph.D. at UC Santa Barbara with Dr. Cherie Briggs and Dr. Andy MacDonald to better understand how vector-borne diseases spread using empirical and theoretical frameworks. She is also a Master of Arts student in statistics with emphasis on data science. She hopes to stay connected with other PacVec researchers to continue collaboration on vector-borne disease projects and exchange ideas of how to make basic science applicable to public health.

"PacVec gave me the opportunity to conduct scientific research that became the foundation of my master’s thesis project. With PacVec's support, I was able to present the results from this project at 4 conferences, 3 invited talks, and submitted a peer reviewed paper. The exposure resulting from these presentations allowed me to connect with scientists from a variety of academic and government groups, which has directly improved my professional growth – including how I met my current Ph.D. advisor!"

Andrea Swei, Ph.D., PI, San Francisco State University

Research in the Swei Lab employs interdisciplinary approaches to understand the factors that determine the distribution and prevalence of Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases. Swei’s research focuses on several different tick-borne disease systems such as Lyme disease, babesiosis, and Borrelia miyamotoi and employ ecological theory to examine the role of disturbance, habitat fragmentation, and biodiversity on tick-borne disease ecology and public health risk.

“Engaging community health workers for vector control and surveillance”

Joshua Arnbrister, B.S., Trainee

Joshua Arnbrister is currently pursuing a Master of Science in entomology at the University of Arizona and he plans to continue in a Ph.D. program. After completing his Ph.D., he hopes to pursue a career in vector control and surveillance.

"The PacVec grant allowed me to pursue my thesis research, which was a project focusing on engaging community health workers in mosquito larval surveillance in Southern Arizona and the Arizona-Sonora Border region."

Kacey Ernst, Ph.D., MPH, PI, University of Arizona

Dr. Kacey Ernst is an associate professor in epidemiology. Research in the Ernst Lab focuses on identifying how ecological and social changes impact the transmission of infectious diseases. Their aim is to incorporate that knowledge into the design of sustainable community-driven prevention and control strategies.

“Genomic basis of mammal-biting in Culex pipiens, a primary vector of WNV”

Yuki Haba, MA, Trainee

Yuki Haba is a current Ph.D. candidate at Princeton University, interested in the genomics and neurobiology of behavioral evolution. Haba completed his Master of Arts in ecology and evolutionary biology/genomics at Columbia University.

A. Marm Kilpatrick, Ph.D., M.S., PI, University of California, Santa Cruz

Dr. A. Marm Kilpatrick is an assistant professor in ecology and evolutionary biology. His research unites theory and empirical work to address basic and applied questions on the ecology of infectious diseases as well as population biology, evolution, climate, behavior, genetics, and conservation.

“Circulation of St. Louis encephalitis virus in the Southwestern United States”

Chase Ridenour, Trainee

Chase Ridenour is a Ph.D. student in bioinformatics at Northern Arizona University’s School of Informatics, Computing and Cyber Systems. After graduation he plans to obtain a postdoctoral position to continue his work developing phylogenetic and statistical models of vector-borne diseases.

Crystal Hepp, Ph.D., PI, Northern Arizona University

Dr. Crystal Hepp is an assistant professor in the Informatics and Computing Program at Northern Arizona University. Hepp is interested in microbe evolution (RNA viruses), especially in zoonotic emerging infectious diseases.

“Is adaptation mal-adaptation: an assessment of mosquitos and water harvesting”

Valerie Madera Garcia, MPH, Trainee

Valerie Madera Garcia is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in epidemiology with a minor concentration in entomology and insect sciences at the University of Arizona. Garcia’s mission is to empower communities to develop sustainable and affordable vector control strategies to reduce the burden of painful and sometimes deathly mosquito-borne diseases around the world. She aspires to work for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as an infectious diseases and environmental epidemiologist. She also wants to contribute to the advancement of the field of mosquito-borne diseases and ensure the safety of at-risk and underrepresented populations from infectious diseases transmitted by mosquitoes.

"The PacVec training grant allowed me to attend school and gain knowledge and skills in the field of mosquito ecology and mosquito-borne diseases. It also catapulted my research interest in developing innovative vector control strategies that will help in the mitigation of arboviruses transmission around the world."

Heidi Brown, Ph.D., MPH, PI, University of Arizona

Dr. Heidi Brown is an associate professor at the University of Arizona. Dr. Brown’s PEST Lab, works to understand drivers behind the spatial and temporal distribution of infectious disease with a specific focus on vector-borne and zoonotic diseases. Models of vector, host and pathogen distributions and how they are influenced by environmental factors is used to map human disease risk. Current research diseases and tools include: West Nile virus, dengue, valley fever (coccidioidomycosis), spatial epidemiology, and climate change and health.

“Genetic variation and endosymbiont diversity of Rhipicephalus sanguineus populations across Arizona”

Maureen Brophy, Trainee

Kathleen Walker, Ph.D., PI, University of Arizona

The Walker Lab studies the ecology of arthropod vectors that inhabit the peri-domestic environment, focusing on the influence of climate and human behavior on vectorial capacity. The Walker Lab has focused on Aedes aegypti on the U.S./Mexico border, investigating the interactions between climates, mosquito longevity and dengue transmission.  They are now broadening their focus to examine the ecology of Rhipicephalus sanguineus, the brown dog tick, and factors driving regional rickettsia outbreaks.